If it isn’t treated, over time it can lead to serious health problems, such as diabetes, heart disease and even cancers! Most women with PCOS grow many small cysts on their ovaries. That is why it is called polycystic ovary syndrome. The cysts themselves are not harmful, but lead to hormone imbalances.
- irregular periods or no periods at all.
- difficulty getting pregnant (because of irregular ovulation or failure to ovulate)
- excessive hair growth (hirsutism) – usually on the face, chest, back or buttocks.
- weight gain.
- thinning hair and hair loss from the head.
- oily skin or acne.
- Maintain a healthy weight. Weight loss can reduce insulin and androgen levels and may restore ovulation. …
- Limit carbohydrates. Low-fat, high-carbohydrate diets might increase insulin levels. …
- Be active. Exercise helps lower blood sugar levels.
Even if a young woman in her teens is diagnosed with PCOS, there is no need to panic and get confused about what is the best treatment for polycystic ovarian syndrome.
However, their PCOS hormonal imbalance does not change with age, so they may continue to have symptoms of PCOS. Also, the risks of PCOS-related health problems, such as diabetes, stroke, and heart attack, increase with age.
Your doctor may diagnose PCOS if you have at least two of these symptoms: Irregular periods. Higher levels of androgen (male hormones) shown in blood tests or through symptoms like acne, male-pattern balding, or extra hair growth on your face, chin, or body. Cysts in your ovaries as shown in an ultrasound exam.
Many adolescents with PCOS have higher levels of the hormone, insulin, in their blood. Higher levels of insulin can sometimes cause patches of darkened skin on the back of the neck, under the arms, and in the groin area. This condition is called acanthosis nigricans
A 2010 study compared a low glycemic index diet to a regular, healthy fiber diet in women with PCOS. … These findings suggest that those with high insulin levels may be able to lose more weight following a low glycemic index diet. Not eating enough fruits and vegetables can also impact weight loss.
Polycystic ovary syndrome is a lifelong condition, but it can be treated in a number of ways. Treatment depends on the symptoms and whether or not a woman wants to become pregnant. Long-term treatment may be needed to help prevent endometrial cancer, diabetes, and heart disease.
There is no cure yet, but there are many ways you can decrease or eliminate PCOSsymptoms and feel better. Your doctor may offer different medicines that can treat symptoms such as irregular periods, acne, excess hair, and elevated blood sugar. Fertility treatments are available to help women get pregnant.