Counselling is a two-way confidential communication process that helps pregnant women to examine their personal issues, make decisions, and make plans for taking action if they develop danger symptoms.
Preconception counselling is defined as health education and promotion.Preconception counselling and education must include early health promotion and information to guide families in identifying risks and addressing those risks before pregnancy.
Pregnancy options counselling is a form of counselling that provides information and support regarding a women’s pregnancy.
Prenatal genetic counselling is appropriate for women 33 and older, Women who have had abnormal results from prenatal screening tests, such as ultrasound and blood work,Women concerned about an exposure, such as medications or infections, during pregnancy.Prenatal genetic counsellors work with individuals, couples, or families who have an increased chance of having a child with a birth defect or genetic condition.
Premarital counselling is a type of therapy that helps couples prepare for marriage.Premarital counselling can help ensure that you and your partner have a strong, healthy relationship — giving you a better chance for a stable and satisfying marriage.
Preconception counseling must include communication to the potential mother and father. During preconception counseling, the provider has the opportunity to perform the risk assessment. Risk assessment includes reviewing a thorough history of medical, surgical, psychosocial, genetic, nutrition, and behavioral risks. These include screening for alcohol and drug use. Couples should be reminded about the importance of vaccination for the mother and early access to prenatal care if pregnancy occurs. Women with behavioral health issues should be counseled to see their provider for medication management and changes if needed. Early preconception counseling and intervention has the potential to reduce perinatal morbidity and mortality. Pregnancy readiness and a planned pregnancy is the optimal goal. Families seeking future pregnancies should be counseled to seek primary care to address any identified risks and to discuss pregnancy planning. The overall goal is preconception wellness and optimal management of chronic health and behavioral issues.
The other points discussed in preconception counselling are
1.Challenges associated with pregnancy and birth
2.Pregnancy and mental health concerns
3.Impact of birth on emotional health
4.Therapy for Pregnancy and Birthing concerns.